Parasitologia hungarica

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Author(s): Nemeséri, L.
Title: A Trichinellosis hazánkban
Title: Trichinellosis in Hungary
Year: 1969
Volume: 2
Pages: 235-244.

Abstract: The author discusses trichinellosis in Hungary. During the 54 epidemic cases observed since 1891, 536 individuals have been infected, and 18 (3.3 per cent) died of trichinellosis. The severest epizootic (1964) is treated in detail. Of the 1141 diaphragms taken from human corpses and examined by several workers 18 (1.5 per cent) proved to have minor infections. Information on the trichinellous infection of the pig has beer-available since 1891: since then Trichinella larvae have been repeatedly demonstrated both in animals slaughtered at home and formerly in those exported. According to statistics, the trichinellous infection of the Hungarian pig stock is low. The natural hosts and vectors of the Trichinellae are wild mammalian species, primarily the fox. This is the case in Hungary also. Generally 5 per cent of foxes have trichinellous infection, and 0.5 per cent of wild boars. Two per cent of dogs and cats in the enzootic area of Comitat Hajdú-Bihar were infected. The source of human infection is, in most cases, sausages prepared from the meat of pigs slaughtered on the farm and only rarely from wild boars shot in the country. Infection of pigs occurs mainly by their devouring the carrion of wild mammals, particularly that of the fox. Since 1962, inspection for trichinellosis of pork slaughtered for public consumption or export, has been obligatory: 130 technicians of 35 laboratories established for this purpose examine the meat of about 2.5 million pigs slaughtered annually. However, nearly 3 million pigs slaughtered on the farm are still exempt from this statute. Hence the danger of infection of the populace still exists, and the more so as about one-quarter of the pork meat obtained by this means is processed into sausages that are consumed in a state which leaves the infectivity of the Trichinellae unimpaired. Veterinary control measures seek to ensure the inspection of meat from pigs slaughtered on the farm in enzootic areas; for this purpose 340 microscopes have been made available in recent years to veterinary surgeons in the country. Finally, the author discusses further measures taken against trichinellosis, aimed at preventing infection of domestic pigs by wild mammals.

Journal: Parasitologia Hungarica
Journal abbreviation:
ISSN: 0303-688X
Publisher: Népművelési Propaganda Iroda, Budapest
Editor(s): Kassai, T., Nemes, I. & Kralovánszky, A.