Fragmenta Palaeontologica Hungarica

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Author(s): Gasparik, M.
Title: Neogene proboscidean remains from Hungary; an overview
Year: 2001
Volume: 19
Pages: 61-77.

Abstract: From Hungary there are more than 100 localities of Neogene (and Early Quaternary, MN 17) age from which we know proboscidean remains (mastodonts and deinotheres). This paper gives a list on remains of 72 localities from this territory. In the Proboscidean record there are four Deinotheriidae, five Gomphotheriidae and two Mammutidae species. The earliest two taxa (Prodeinotberium hungaricum and Gomphotherium angustidens) appeared here probably already in the Late Eggenburgian (MN 3b). From the Ottnangian (MN 4) three Proboscidean taxa were demonstrated: P. hungaricum, G. angustidens and Zygolophodon turicensis. From the Karpatian and Early Badenian (MN 5) we don't know Proboscidean remains from Hungary. From the Late Badenian (MN 6) to Late Sarmatian (MN 8) Z. turicensis, G. angustidens and Prodeinotherium bavaricum were present. Among them, only Z. turicensis survived from the Early Pannonian. In MN 9 three new Proboscidean taxa appeared: Tetralophodon longirostris, Stegotetrabelodon gigantorostris and Deinotherium giganteum. During the Pontian (MN 11-13) two huge Proboscideans occurred: Deinotherium proavum and Stegotetrabelodon grandindsivus. Z. turicensis disappeared around the end of Pontian (MN 13). The first remains of Anancus arvernensis and Mammut borsoni were derived from the MN 13. In the Early Pliocene (Dacian, MN 14 and less probably MN 15) D. proavum and S. grandindcisivus probably were present in Hungary, but from the Late Pliocene (Romanian, Villafrancian, MN 16) only two mastodonts survived: A. arvernensis and M. borsoni. The last occurrences of these two species in Hungary are of Early Pleistocene (Romanian, Villanyian, MN 17)
Keywords: Hungary, Gomphotheriidae, Mammutidae, Deinotheriidae, localities, biochronology, Neogene

Journal: Fragmenta Palaeontologica Hungarica
Journal abbreviation: Fragm. Palaeont. Hung.
ISSN: 1586-930X
Publisher: Hungarian Natural History Museum, Budapest
Editor(s): Szabó, J. & Matskási, I.