Studia botanica hungarica

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Author(s): Erdei, B. & Magyari, E.
Title: Late Miocene plant remains from Bükkábrány, Hungary
Year: 2011
Volume: 42
Pages: 135-151.

Abstract: Plant macrofossils and palynomorphs from the remarkable fossil site of the “buried Miocene forest” at the opencast lignite mine of Bükkábrány (NE Hungary) were studied and preliminary results are presented. Palynological samples suggest a basically forested landscape with predominantly warm temperate arboreal elements that prevailed during the formation of the upper lignite seam underlying the upright trunks, as well as an intervening open water phase represented by clay intercalations. The study of the pollen flora indicates the dominance of swamp forest elements with taxodiaceous conifers and presumes more diverse warm-temperate forests at higher elevations. The macrofossil record (leaves, fruits, seeds) supports the earlier assumptions of xylotomical studies and attests a relatively low-diversity swamp forest with probably long hydroperiod fringing the northern embayment of Lake Pannon.
Keywords: Late Miocene, Bükkábrány, fossil plants, Lake Pannon
Subject: botany

Journal: Studia botanica hungarica
Journal abbreviation: Studia bot. hung.
ISSN: 0301-7001
Publisher: Hungarian Natural History Museum, Budapest
Editor(s): Papp, B., Lőkös, L. & Fuisz, T. I.