Studia botanica hungarica

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Author(s): Mészáros, T. & Józan, Zs.
Title: Pollinators (Hymenoptera: Aculeata) of Adonis vernalis in Trans danubia (Hungary)
Year: 2018
Volume: 49
Pages: 61-71.


Abstract: We have to know the biology and ecology of species to help the eff ective conservation of protected species. Although the knowledge of pollination strategy is an important factor, our knowledge is poor even in the case of intensively studied species. It is necessary to know the plantpollinator interactions and the requirements of eff ective gene flow for the maintenance of populations. The pollinators of Adonis vernalis L. (Ranunculaceae) were studied in 2017 and 2018 on the Csatár Hill near Veszprém, in Szentkirályszabadja, Csajág and Veszprém-Kádárta (Hungary). The number of collected Lasioglossum specimens was extremely high (433), followed by Apis mellifera (44), Andrena (23), and Halictus (23). We also collected specimens of Bombus, Polistes, Vespula, and Osmia genera. 5 males were also collected during the studies. It is probable that the males followed females (A. vernalis does not produce nectar) but they can function as pollinators thanks to their moving on the flowers. The visitation rate was the highest between 10–14 hours. Our new results can be useful to have more complete knowledge on the biology and ecology of A. vernalis and can help to develop the conservation strategy of the species.
Keywords: Andrena, Apis mellifera, flower-visiting insects, Lasioglossum, pollen

Journal: Studia botanica hungarica
Journal abbreviation: Studia bot. hung.
ISSN: 0301-7001
Publisher: Hungarian Natural History Museum, Budapest
Editor(s): Barina, Z.